"Nepal is a relatively small landlocked country located in the Himalayas; it’s literally wedged in between two giants; the People’s Republic of China to the North and to the South, East and West the Republic of India. Despite its relatively small size, Nepal has never been colonized. It’s among the poorest and least developed countries in the world.
The mountainous north has eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest , Sagarmatha in Nepali, which means “Head of the Sky” and in Tibetan/Sherpa: Chhomolungma: “Mother Goddess of the Earth”.
The southern lowland plains or Terai has a subtropical to tropical climate and enjoys fertile lands. The Terai is the most productive region in Nepal with the majority of industries located here. Agriculture is the main economic stake of the region. Main crops are rice, wheat, pulses, mung bean, sugar cane, jute, tobacco and maize. Many agro-based industries like jute factories, sugar mills, rice mills and tobacco factories are established throughout the region.
An insurgency led by Maoist extremists broke out in 1996. The ensuing ten-year civil war between insurgents and government forces witnessed the dissolution of the cabinet and parliament and assumption of absolute power by the king. It is estimated that more than 16,000 people died during this.
In June 2001, the Crown Prince and heir to the throne is suspected to have killed 14; among these were his parents and 6 other members of the royal family. There was never any conclusive evidence that the Crown Prince was indeed the perpetrator, and so it has been the inspiration for various conspiracy theories. Several weeks of mass protests in April 2006 were followed by several months of peace negotiations between the Maoists and government officials, and culminated in a November 2006 peace accord and the promulgation of an interim constitution. To this day, disagreements among the various political parties have prevented the agreement of a new Nepalese constitution.
There are about 29 mio. people living in Nepal. (Jul 2011 est. CIA World Fact Book CIA World Fact Book Nepal )
The life expectancy of a Nepalese woman is approximately 15 years younger than the average European woman. For Nepalese men the difference is about 12 years younger.
The flag of Nepal is the only flag in the world that is not rectangular or square; it’s red with a blue border around the unique shape of two overlapping right triangles. The smaller, upper triangle bears a white stylized moon and the larger, lower triangle displays a white 12-pointed sun.
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